Tanning Beds: A Closer Look at Their Impact on Eye Health


Tanning beds have been a popular choice for individuals seeking a sun-kissed glow without extended sun exposure. However, this convenience comes at a price. Beyond the well-known risks of skin cancer and premature aging, tanning beds pose a significant threat to eye health. In this blog post, we’ll delve into the concerning impacts of tanning beds on the eyes and emphasize the importance of safeguarding our vision.

Tanning Beds and Ultraviolet Radiation

Tanning beds are artificial devices designed to emit ultraviolet (UV) radiation, similar to the sun. UV radiation is classified into UVA, UVB, and UVC, with UVA and UVB being particularly harmful to human health. Tanning beds predominantly emit UVA and UVB rays, which can have detrimental effects on the eyes.

  1. Corneal Damage

    UV radiation from beds can cause immediate and long-term damage to the cornea, the transparent front part of the eye. Exposure to UV rays can lead to a condition called photokeratitis, akin to a sunburn of the cornea. Symptoms include redness, pain, light sensitivity, and a gritty feeling in the eyes.

  2. Cataracts

    Prolonged exposure to UV radiation is a known risk factor for cataracts, a clouding of the lens of the eye that can lead to vision impairment or blindness. Studies have shown that individuals frequently using beds are at a higher risk of developing cataracts at an earlier age.

  3. Macular Degeneration

    The macula, the center of the retina, is impacted by macular degeneration, a degenerative eye condition. It is the main reason why elderly folks lose their vision.The high-intensity UV radiation from tanning beds can accelerate the onset and progression of macular degeneration.

  4. Pterygium

    UV exposure can contribute to the development of pterygium, a growth of pink, fleshy tissue on the conjunctiva, the clear tissue that covers the white part of the eye. Pterygium can cause irritation, and blurred vision, and, in severe cases, can require surgical removal.

Preventing Eye Damage

To protect your eyes from the harmful effects of tanning beds, consider the following precautions:

  • Avoid Tanning Beds: The best way to protect your eyes from tanning bed-related damage is to steer clear of them altogether.
  • Use Eye Protection: If you choose to use a tanning bed, wear proper eye protection. Such as approved goggles or eyewear designed to block UV radiation.
  • Regular Eye Exams: Schedule routine eye examinations with your optometrist to monitor your eye health and detect any early signs of UV-related damage.
  • Educate Others: Share the risks associated with the importance of protecting eyes with friends and family to promote awareness and responsible decisions.


Tanning beds may offer a shortcut to achieving a sun-kissed glow, but the risks they pose to eye health far outweigh the aesthetic benefits. The UV radiation emitted by these devices can cause various eye conditions, including corneal damage, cataracts, macular degeneration, and pterygium. It’s essential to prioritize our vision and take appropriate precautions, such as avoiding tanning beds and wearing eye protection when necessary. By making informed choices and advocating for eye health, we can preserve our vision and live healthier, happier lives.

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